Tropical Storm Melissa was the thirteenth named storm of the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season. It was a short-lived Cape Verde storm that developed in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean on September 28. Melissa moved west-northwest and quickly dissipated on September 30 due to strong vertical wind shear.
Melissa caused no damage and no deaths.
|Formation||September 28, 2007|
|Dissipation||September 30, 2007|
|Highest winds||40 mph|
|Lowest pressure||1005 mbar|
|Part of the||2007 Atlantic hurricane season|
Melissa developed from a tropical wave that emerged from the coast of Africa on September 26. The next day, the wave developed a low pressure area near the Cape Verde Islands. Early on September 28, convection associated with the wave significantly increased, and the system was organized enough by 0600 UTC that day to be designated as Tropical Depression Fourteen while located about 100 miles west-southwest of the southernmost Cape Verde Islands. Initially, the cyclone was embedded within weak steering currents, due to the lack of a ridge to its north, caused by a deep-layer low pressure system over the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. As a result, the storm moved very slowly westward, becoming a tropical storm at 0600 UTC September 29. For the remainder of the day, Melissa maintained its peak intensity of 40 mph, but by 0600 UTC September 30, Melissa weakened to a tropical depression due to strong westerly vertical shear. As a more shallow system, Melissa moved more quickly to the west-northwest, south of a building low-level ridge over the central and eastern Atlantic. Later that day, convection sputtered, and Melissa dissipated by 1800 UTC that day about 475 miles west of the Cape Verde Islands.
Tracking south of the aforementioned low-level ridge, Melissa continued west-northwest for the next several days, producing intermittent bursts of thunderstorm activity until it dissipated within a frontal zone on October 5 while located about 600 miles northeast of the northern Leeward Islands.
Lack of Retirement
Because it caused no damage, the name Melissa was not retired in the Spring of 2008 by the World Meteorological Organization. It is on the list of names to be used for the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season.