Hurricane Chris was the third named storm and first hurricane of the 1994 Atlantic hurricane season. Chris formed on August 16 well to the east of the Leeward Islands. Chris moved northwest before moving north and then northeast out to sea. Chris only became a minimal hurricane at its peak.
Chris caused no damage or fatalities.
|Formation||August 16, 1994|
|Dissipation||August 23, 1994|
|Highest winds||80 mph|
|Lowest pressure||979 mbar|
|Part of the||1994 Atlantic hurricane season|
A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on August 11. The wave moved westward across the Atlantic Ocean and acquired significant convection as well as a circulation center on August 15. On August 16, sufficient organization occured within the wave for it to be designated as Tropical Depression Four midway between Africa and the Lesser Antilles. By August 17, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Chris. On August 18, Chris attained hurricane status while moving northwest at 10 to 15 knots. This strengthening occured even though there was evidence of strong vertical wind shear impacting the cyclone due to an upper-level low to the northwest. Chris maintained hurricane status for nearly two days before the shearing winds aloft significantly disrupted the well organized cloud pattern and caused Chris to begin to weaken. Chris turned north on August 20 and then northeast on August 21, moving around the western periphery of the subtropical ridge centered in the central Atlantic Ocean. Chris passed about 75 miles east of Bermuda late on August 21, although sustained surface winds were only 40 mph in association with the cyclone at that time, and those winds were confined to the eastern semicircle of the storm, and sustained winds on Bermuda remained below 15 knots. Accelerating northeastward, Chris re-strengthened to reach winds of 50 mph while remaining ahead of a cold front. By August 24, Chris merged with an extratropical cyclone southeast of Newfoundland and lost its identity shortly thereafter.
Lack of Retirement
Because it caused no damage, the name Chris was not retired in the Spring of 1995 by the World Meteorological Organization. It has since been used for the 2000 Atlantic hurricane season as well as the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season. It is on the list of names to be used for the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.