The 1999 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1999, and lasted until November 30, 1999. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin.
The 1999 season was not as active as the 1998 season, but still nonetheless quite active, featuring 12 named tropical storms, eight hurricanes, and 5 major hurricanes. The seasons notable storms were Hurricane Bret, which peaked as a 145 mph Category 4 hurricane in the western Gulf of Mexico before making landfall near Padre Island, Texas as a Category 3 hurricane with 115 mph winds. The next notable storm was Hurricane Floyd, which hit the Bahamas as a major hurricane, then hit North Carolina as a Category 2 hurricane, bringing a severe flood disaster to the northeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic states. Floyd was the deadliest United States hurricane since Hurricane Agnes of 1972. The next notable storm of the season was Hurricane Lenny, which became a Category 4 with 155 mph winds in the middle of November, just 1 mph shy of Category 5 intensity. Lenny currently holds the record for the strongest November tropical cyclone to form in the Atlantic basin.
The 1999 season also set a record when five Category 4 hurricanes formed; a record that would later be tied by the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, which was the most active season on record in the Atlantic basin, featuring 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes.
List of Storms
- Tropical Depression Two
- Tropical Depression Seven
- Tropical Depression Eleven
- Tropical Depression Twelve
List of Storm Names
The names Floyd and Lenny were retired in the Spring of 2000 by the World Meteorological Organization, because they were very destructive. They were replaced with Franklin and Lee, which were both used during the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, and weren't retired then, thus they are on the list of names to be used for the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season.